Center for an Urban Future
Jonathan Bowles and David Giles
After approving several other mega-developments like the Willets Point redevelopment plan in Queens and Columbia University’s proposed new campus in West Harlem, the New York City Council unexpectedly reversed course last week and rejected a proposal to build a shopping mall inside the Kingsbridge Armory in the Bronx. Although Mayor Bloomberg and other proponents of the plan said the mall would bring new jobs and retail opportunities, community advocates and local politicians opposed the project because it did not guarantee wages of at least $10 an hour for the retail workers there.
It’s not hard to see why the wage issue would prove to be such a sticking point in the Bronx. As we reveal in this issue of New York by the Numbers, the Center for an Urban Future’s periodic economic snapshot of the five boroughs, a whopping 42 percent of Bronx workers over the age of 18 are employed in “low-wage” jobs. The data, compiled for us by the Population Reference Bureau using Census data from 2007, show that while the percentage of low-wage workers is high across the city, the Bronx is far and away the leader.
In two other boroughs, more than 30 percent of residents over the age of 18 work in low-wage jobs: Queens (with 34 percent of the adult workforce in low-wage positions) and Brooklyn (32 percent). The share of low-wage workers—those making less than $11.54 an hour or $24,003 a year —is slightly lower in Staten Island (23 percent) and Manhattan (22 percent). Citywide, low-wage workers make up 31 percent of the city’s adult workforce. As one moves out from the city into the suburbs of New Jersey and Long Island, the percentage of low-wage workers drops off somewhat. According to our data, 28 percent of adult workers in the New York City metro area qualify as “low-wage.” The percentage bumps back up to 31 percent for the whole state of New York. In fact, only two other states have a higher percentage of adult workers in low-wage jobs (Rhode Island and Hawaii).
The data underscore three prevailing trends in both the local and national economy: manufacturing jobs that once provided a ticket to the middle class for people with only a high school degree or less have continued to decline; the lion’s share of new middle income jobs today require applicants to have an associate’s or bachelor’s degree, and un-credentialed workers are increasingly forced into low-paying jobs in the service sector as a result.